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No 8
Vol. 8 No. 3
2017
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Abstract: Introduction: This research was conducted to compare of marital satisfaction and happiness between men which had dating before marriage and men which had not dating before marriage. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. To this end, 80 men (half of them had dating before marriage and other had not this experience) in Tehran were selected by Voluntary sampling method. Research instruments was included two questionnaires marital satisfaction (Enrich) and positive psychotherapy questionnaires (Roshd). Data were analyzed by independent t-test. Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference between marital satisfaction total (t= 1.34, P>%05) and its components "marital satisfaction (t= 1.33, P>%05), connections (t= 1.27, P>%05), Conflict Resolution (t= 1.42, P>%05) and Idealized distortion (t= 1.15, P>%05). Also there was no significant difference between total happiness (t=-%45, P>%05) and its components "pleasing life (t=-%39, P>%05), Committed (t=-%14, P>%05) and meaningful (t=-%64, P>%05). Conclusion: The results showed that men which had dating before marriage had average higher marital satisfaction and average happiness lower compared to group without dating before marriage. But this difference was not significant.
Keywords : marital satisfaction, Happiness, Date before marriage
Introduction: The thrill theory of thought emphasizes the interactive integration of the emotional, cognitive and behavioral domains of psychological psychology. Consequently, conceptual theory is not a cognitive perspective, not just an emotional approach, but a purely general theory of psychology. This research studies the relationship between the thrill of thought and formal psychology and personality traits. Method: This research is descriptive correlational. 60 students (30 Dechrodra 30 boys) examined the five fifth form of the Fifth Personality Neo Personality and their Subordinates based on their excitement test. Results: The results showed that psychological hardiness is the strongest predictor, especially for fatigue, follow up and thinking. Also, the great components of personality, the strongest predictor of excitement and among the great components of personality, "outsourcing" are the strongest predictors of psychological hardiness. Conclusion: Hardness psychology and personality traits predict the thrill of thought
marzeh sadat ebrahimi - Nasseroddin Kazemi Haghighi
Keywords : Emotion of thought hardiness personality features
Abstract: Introduction: Psychological well-being is seeking to enhance the real potential of a person. In this regard, this study was conducted to improve the psychological well-being of couples. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between religiosity and psychological well-being of couples referring to counseling centers. Method: To achieve this goal, the descriptive research method was used for correlation and regression studies. The statistical population of this study included all couples referring to counseling centers in Mashhad. The sample was selected 102 couples by using the available sampling method in accordance with Morgan table. For analyzing data, correlation and stepwise regression analysis were used. Results: The outcomes of the study showed that there is a positive significant correlation between the level of religiosity of couples and their psychological well-being (p =. /000; r=. /368). Conclusion: the results of stepwise regression analysis indicated that according to three subscales of religious’ beliefs, Engagement and practice of religious’ duties, religious’ affections, have a key role in explaining the psychological well-being of couples. Keywords: religiosity, psychological well-being, religious beliefs, Engagement and practice of religious duties, religious affections, purposefulness of life.
Majid Moeenizadeh - Mohsen Asgharyar
Keywords : religiosity, ، psychological well-being, ، religious beliefs, ، Engagement and practice of religious duties, ، religious affections, ، purposefulness of life
Introduction:This research have been made to predict psychological well-beings factors by using the humor styles. Method: With a branch sampling 201 students (124 girls and 77 boys) of shahed university were selected and answered to humor styles questionnaire (HSQ, martin et al, 2003) and psychological well being questionnaire (Iranian version, zanjani tabasi et al, 2004). For analyzing datas the methods of pearson correlation and multiple regression was used. Results: Total score of psychological well-being had positive relation with Affiliative (p<0/05) and self-enhancing (p<0/01) humor styles and negative relation with Aggressive humor style (p<0/01). Between these styles, just self-enhancing and Aggressive humor predicted psychological well-beings factors. In addition the results showed that 18% of the variance in psychological well-being is determined by humor variables (p<0/01). Conclusion: Based on the results, As much the use of positive humor styles (Affiliative and self-enhancing), are useful for well-being, the use of its negative styles (aggressive and self-defeating) is harmful for the psychological well-being.
said biniyaz juyani - sareh ghorbani - mohammadreza shairi - mahmood dejkam
Keywords : humor styles ، psychological well-being ، students
Aim: Attachment styles and defense mechanisms are the major determinants of psychological problems. Early relationships in childhood influence the formation of these two psychological concepts. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between attachment styles and defense mechanisms. Method: This is a correlational study. The population of the study is all of the students of University of Tehran, studying in the academic year of 1394-95. A total of 400 students (184 females, 216 males) from University of Tehran participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete the Adult Attachment Inventory (AAI) and Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ). Results: The data of the study were analyzed by using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The results demonstrated that: (a) secure attachment style had a significant positive association with mature defense style and significant negative association with neurotic and immature defense styles; (b) insecure attachment styles had significant negative association with mature defense style and significant positive association with neurotic and immature defense styles. Conclusions: According to the results of the present study, it can be concluded that attachment styles has an important role in the formation of defense mechanisms. Hence, prevent the formation of insecure attachment styles by providing parenting training for parents, can inhibit the development of dysfunctional defense mechanisms. Keywords: attachment, defense mechanism, mental disorder
Mohammad Ali Besharat - Farzane Ranjbar Shirazi - Fateme Dehghani Arani
Keywords : attachment style ، defense mechanism ، mental disorder

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