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No 7
Vol. 7 No. 2
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Abstract Aim: The purpose of this study was to predict the positive psychological states based on spiritual intelligence, positive and negative emotions, and happiness Method: This study was a descriptive-correlational study. The population in this research are all students of Tehran Azad Universities the total of 320, studying in 2017-18. The questionnaires of positive psychological states of (Khoii Nejhad & colleagues, 2011), King Intellectual Intelligence (King, 2008), Oxford happiness scale (Argil, 2001) and also positive and negative emotions questionnaire (Watson & collogues, 1988) were used. Data analyses were conducted according to descriptive statistics as well as Pearson Correlation and multiple regression analyses. Results: The findings showed that the spiritual intelligence variable could explain 89 percent of the changes in positive psychological states. Positive and negative emotional changes can explain 95% of changes in psychological states. Positive emotions also have a negative relationship with positive psychological states, positive and negative affinities, and negative emotions with positive psychological states. And the happiness variability can explain 76 percent of the changes in psychological states. Conclusion: The results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between positive psychological states and spirituality intelligence, positive emotions and happiness have a positive and significant positive effect on positive psychological states. Negative emotions have a positive relationship with positive psychological states in the negative direction.
fatemeh raayaat abadi
Keywords : Keywords: positive psychological states, spiritual intelligence, positive and negative emotions, happiness
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of hope in the relationship between resilience with test anxiety and satisfaction with life. Method: The present research plan is a correlation based on path analysis. The population of this study were high school students in Qom during the academic year of 2015-2017. Sampling was done by random cluster sampling. For this purpose, three girls’ and three boys' schools were randomly selected and 380 questionnaires were distributed in some classes and then collected. 269 questionnaires (127 boys and 142 girls) of them were acceptable. Participants completed test anxiety (Sarason, 1997), life satisfaction (Diener, 1985), resilience (Connor and Davidson, 2003) and Hope (Snyder, 1995). For data analysis, correlation, path analysis by Baron and Kenny model and spss24 and Amos24 software was used. Results: The results showed that life satisfaction with resilience (0/27) and hope (0/44) has significant relationship (P <0/001) and Resilience with test anxiety (-0/33) and Hope (-0/33) has significant relationship (P <0/001). Conclusion: The results of path analysis showed that hope partially mediated the relationship between resilience and test anxiety and mediated the relationship between resilience and life satisfaction completely. It is suggested that in future studies with an emphasis on increasing the resilience packs hope, be developed and their effectiveness in reducing test anxiety and improving life satisfaction in students be monitored.
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Keywords : Keywords: life satisfaction, test anxiety, resilience, hope mediation
Abstract Aim: Resilience is one of the most important human abilities that make adaptability, flexibility and effective coping with stressful situations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of Pennsylvania Resilience Training on Stress Management. Method: The method of this study is a quasi-experimental pre-test with a control group. The statistical population of this study includes all high school students in the Serwaleit region in the academic year of 2011-2012. A sample of 30 subjects was selected through convenience sampling and randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups. In this research, resiliency instruction in Pennsylvania was used as an independent variable in the experimental group and the stress management variable was considered as a dependent variable. To collect data, the DOS questionnaire (Levy Band and Levy Band, 1995) and the resiliency questionnaire (Connor and Davidson, 2003) were used. At the beginning of the course, the subjects responded to the questionnaires and after 10 training sessions, the scales were completed again. After collecting the questionnaires, raw data was entered into SPSS software and data was analyzed using mean, standard deviation, frequency, and percentage and covarance analysis. Results: The findings showed that Pennsylvania Resilience training reduced stress (p <0.01) of the test group members. Conclusion: From the results, it can be concluded that Pennsylvania Resilience Education can well reduce the stress of secondary school students.
mohammad gholamzadeh - esyed Ali Kimiyaei - mohmmad
Keywords : Keywords: Pennsylvania Resilience, stress management, Education
Abstract Aim: One of the main goals of any educational system is to educate all of aspects of the students. Development of creativity in students is one of the important Items in every educational system.The present study aimed to investigate the role of the school environment on the creativity of sixth grade elementary school students in Ahmadabad city in the academic year of 1995-96. Method: This is a descriptive and correlational study.The statistical population of the study consisted of all sixth grade elementary school students in Ahmadabad city and its number was 100 Using Morgan table and systematic random sampling method, 80 people were selected as samples.Participants responded to the Torrance Creativity Questionnaire (Abedi, 1985) and the Learning Environment Questionnaire (Shirazi et al, 2014).Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis test. Results: The findings of this study showed that there is a positive significant correlation between the educational environment and its dimensions (general atmosphere, teaching evaluation, teacher evaluation, student evaluation and equipment evaluation and educational facilities) and creativity of sixth elementary school students in Ahmadabad city. This relationship was not found regarding the physical environment assessment. Also, the results of multiple regression analysis showed that among the components of the educational environment assessment, only the dimension of the assessment is able to predict the creativity of students. Conclusion: Based on research findings, it can be concluded that enriching educational environments can be used to increase students' creativity.
- - نبی پور - نبی پور - نبی پور - نبی پور
Keywords : Keywords: school environment, creativity, students, elementary school
Abstract Aim: This research was conducted to compare of marital satisfaction and happiness between men which had dating before marriage and men which had not dating before marriage. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical society of this study included all married men who lived in Tehran in the year 1396. To this end, 80 men (half of them had dating before marriage and other had not this experience) in Tehran were selected by Voluntary sampling method. Research instruments was included two questionnaires marital satisfaction Enrich (Olson, 2000) and positive psychotherapy questionnaires (Roshd, 2008). Data were analyzed by independent t-test. Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference between marital satisfaction total (t= 1.34, P>%05) and its components "marital satisfaction (t= 1.33, P>%05), connections (t= 1.27, P>%05), Conflict Resolution (t= 1.42, P>%05) and Idealized distortion (t= 1.15, P>%05). Also there was no significant difference between total happiness (t=-%45, P>%05) and its components "pleasing life (t=-%39, P>%05), Committed (t=-%14, P>%05) and meaningful (t=-%64, P>%05). Conclusion: The results showed that men which had dating before marriage had average higher marital satisfaction and average happiness lower compared to group without dating before marriage. But this difference was not significant.
Keywords : marital satisfaction, Happiness, Date before marriage

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